Growing plants indoors is a fantastic idea for people who don’t have a terrace or a garden outside. Not only do plants release oxygen during the day, but they also help in keeping the temperature cool indoors. More importantly, you will have the option of cultivating all kinds of plants throughout the year, so if you are interested in eating tomatoes in the winter months, you might want to think about setting up an indoor system!
Almost all kinds of plants can be grown indoors as long as you have the right setup. Plants require sunlight to grow. It is essential for the process of photosynthesis, by which plants make their food. If you want to set up an indoor garden, you will need to make a few important decisions and buy the right equipment.
Setting Up The Growing Area
The first decision that you will have to make is regarding the place of the indoor garden plot. You can use some space on a shelf, allocate a portion of the basement or an entire room to your indoor garden. It all depends upon how much space you can use for your indoor garden. The pots or trays will need to be placed at least 4 to 8 inches apart from each other so that they provide easy access for pruning and care.
More importantly, you will need to invest in high quality grow lights as well. Indoor LED grow lights are generally the best choice in this regard, as they offer a variety of benefits that you don’t get with conventional grow lights. These grow lights will have to be kept on for several hours during the day, so it’s recommended that you buy lights which are more energy efficient. Otherwise, your electricity bill will climb drastically every month, and it will soon become very difficult for you to grow plants in your indoor garden. There are many different kinds of indoor grow lights that you can choose from, but it’s highly recommended that you go for a full spectrum indoor LED grow light.
Selecting the Grow Lights
The most important thing you need to consider when selecting new grow lights is to check whether they provide the proper spectrum for inducing photosynthesis in plants. This is key to plant growth, and you have to make sure that you choose the right bulbs. For instance, the violet-blue light provides light that falls in the 400-520 nm range, which helps improve photosynthesis, induces growth as well as chlorophyll absorption. On the other hand, a red light in the spectrum of 610-720 will encourage budding and flowering.
Incandescent bulbs are the least expensive, but they are certainly not recommended. They have the highest heat output, and also consume a lot of electricity. The average lifespan of these bulbs is 700 hours. On the other hand, fluorescent bulbs have a considerably lower heat signature and can produce a decent spectrum for growth. The average lifespan of these bulbs is around 10,000 hours, but their electrical consumption is still comparatively higher.
LED grow lights provide the latest regarding lighting technology nowadays. They are incredibly energy efficient and have a tremendously low heat signature. On top of that, they offer a full light spectrum range. They are color optimized for growth, and the colors can be changed at the touch of a button as well. These are the most efficient, most effective and consumer-friendly grow lights that you can find on the market today. The average lifespan of these light bulbs is around 50,000 hours.
How Long Should You Leave Them On?
You might not realize it at first, but darkness is very important for the growth cycle of plants. During the night, the plants break down the energy that they have accumulated in the day, in a process known as “respiration.” Therefore, leaving the grow lights on around the clock is a bad idea.
Instead, you should leave them on during the day, and turn them off during the night. Maintaining a natural cycle is important so that the plants grow just as they would in natural sunlight.
Installing the Grow Lights
Ideally, you should buy a frame on which the grow lights will be installed. Custom frames are available that cover a specific area and can be installed right above your indoor garden. The indoor grow lights are an essential requirement if you want to set up a garden indoors. Here are the best full spectrum LED grow lights that you can buy.